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What Does 23andMe Tell You (2021)? 23andMe DNA Test Results, Reports, and More

23andMe made DNA testing accessible to the average consumer through their efficient and cost-effective DNA testing services. What exactly will the 23andMe reports tell you once you receive the DNA results? Depending on the service you avail of, you will get detailed reports on your ancestry and how your genes influence certain traits you possess and health-related predispositions. Keep reading below to learn more about the specifics of what each 23andMe service will tell you.

23andMe Ancestry + Traits vs Health + Ancestry Service Comparison Chart

23andMe ServiceAncestry + TraitsHealth + Ancestry
23andme ancestry + traits dna testing service23andme health + ancestry dna testing service
PriceCheck PriceCheck Price
Ancestry reports50+50+
Traits reports30+30+
DNA Relative FinderYesYes
Family Tree BuilderAutomaticAutomatic
Raw DataYesYes
Health Predisposition reportsNo10+
Carrier Status reportsNo40+
Wellness reportsNo5+

Ancestry + Traits Service

This 23andMe DNA testing service tells you data on your ethnicity and ancestral roots and how your genes influence some of your traits


23and Me offers three services you can choose from:

  • Ancestry + Traits Service
  • Health + Ancestry Service
  • VIP Health + Ancestry Service

The starter 23andMe Ancestry + Traits service includes a detailed Ancestry report, Traits report, automatic family tree builder, and DNA relative finder. What the Ancestry report will tell you is your ethnic breakdown (e.g. 20% Iberian, 30% Native America, etc), ancestral timeline, and a chromosome painting of your ancestry composition.

In the Traits report, you will discover how your genetic make-up influences some traits you have such as having a bald spot, hair that grays easily, freckles, and preference for a certain taste, among many others. 23andMe analyzes specific genetic markers in your DNA and how your combination of variants matches other people’s with the same traits.

Health + Ancestry Service

What this DNA testing service can tell you are what’s included in the Ancestry + DNA service plus some of your health predispositions and carrier status

what 23andme health + ancestry tells you
Sample Health Disposition reports and Carrier Status reports

If you opt for the 23andMe Health + Ancestry Service, you will get the inclusions in the starter DNA testing service together with detailed health reports. Specifically, these health reports include the following:

  • 10+ Health Predisposition reports
  • 5+ Wellness reports
  • 40+ Carrier Status reports

Health Predisposition Reports

What the Health Predisposition reports will tell you are your genetic risks and likelihood of getting certain health conditions as analyzed in specific variants of the disease. This includes genetic risks for diseases like Type 2 diabetes, ovarian and breast cancer (select variants of BRCA1/BRCA2), very high cholesterol, Parkinson’s disease, and late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, to name a few. To read the specific diseases included in this report, click here.

Carrier Status Reports

Another report you will get in this service is the Carrier Status report which will give you an idea of whether you are a carrier of certain diseases and risk passing it on to your future generations. 23andMe can give reports on whether you carry select genetic variants of diseases such as Bloom Syndrome, Cystic Fibrosis, Familial Mediterranean Fever, and Sickle Cell Anemia, to name some. Take note though that there are many variants of each disease and 23andMe only analyzes a few of them.

Wellness Reports

The 23andMe Wellness report will tell you what healthy habits you can start doing to address your health predispositions. For example, if your genes show that you are predisposed to weigh 10 percent less than average, the report will generate health habits that have resulted in weighing less than the average. This may include habits like eating less red meat, sleeping for 7 to 8 hours, eating 2 to 4 servings of vegetables, and the like.

Please do note that these health reports should not serve as a diagnosis and substitute a visit to your trusted physician.

VIP Health + Ancestry: Get Results Faster

The VIP service will tell you the same things, but your processing time will be shorter

Your DNA sample will be extracted right away once it reaches the laboratory

If you avail of the 23andMe VIP Health + Ancestry testing service, you will still get the same reports as you would in the Health + Ancestry package mentioned above, but you will be given priority laboratory processing. As the regular service takes two to three weeks to process your DNA results, availing of the VIP service means you can get your Ancestry, Traits, and Health reports much faster than that.

This service also comes with premium customer support where a trained expert from 23andMe will answer any questions you may have about your DNA results. A trained expert will also give you a personalized walkthrough to explain your DNA results and not just the typical Ancestry, Traits, and Health reports that everyone gets.

What diseases can 23andMe detect?

23andMe reports genetic risks for 10+ diseases, including 7 that are FDA authorized

health+ancestry 23andme
Sample Wellness, Health Predisposition, and Carrier Status reports

When you purchase the 23andMe Health + Ancestry service, you will get Health Predisposition reports. This test will tell you if you have the genetic risk certain diseases that FDA has authorized.


  • Late-Onset Alzheimer’s Disease, a condition affecting memory and other cognitive functioning
  • Parkinson’s Disease, a condition of the nervous system that impairs movement
  • Celiac’s Disease, a condition in the small intestine that affects the digestion of gluten
  • Hereditary Thrombophilia, a condition that forms harmful blood clots
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, a condition that increases your risk to liver and lung diseases
  • BRCA1 and BRCA2, mutations in these genes increase the risk for breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer
  • MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP), a genetic colorectal cancer syndrome
  • Gaucher’s Disease Type 1, a condition affecting the spleen, liver, and bone marrow

The research-backed health predisposition report will also include the following diseases, but they have not yet been reviewed by FDA:

  • Type 2 Diabetes, a condition affecting the regulation of blood sugar
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration, a condition causing vision loss
  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia, a condition affecting the regulation of blood cholesterol
  • G6PD Deficiency, a condition that may lead to hemolytic anemia
  • Hereditary Amyloidosis (TTR-Related), a condition that may damage the heart and nerves and cause organ malfunction
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis (HFE‑Related), a condition causing increased absorption of iron

It is important to note that these reports do not serve as a diagnosis. They simply tell whether your genetic make-up puts you at a higher risk for the aforementioned diseases. Also, 23andMe only tests for specific variants among the plethora of variants of a single disease. It is best to consult with your trusted physician who can guide you and order tests if you are at a higher risk for certain diseases.

Get Free Shipping on 23andMe DNA Test Kits for a Limited Time

As part of 23andMe’s St. Patrick Day’s sale, you can get the free standard shipping for your DNA test kit until March 17th, 2020. If you sign up for the mailing list, you will get 10 percent off for every additional kit you purchase in case you want your friends and family to learn more about their DNA and ancestry as well.

For a list of the top 23andMe sales and discounts in 2020, read this post.

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Rhodaline Escala-Phelps

Former Managing Editor and Team Leader at Compare Before Buying. Writer and researcher passionate about food, people, product comparisons, culture, and current events.